Hysterectomy

Hysterectomy Specialists
Sometimes a surgical operation known as a hysterectomy is necessary to remove all or part of the uterus. Patients in Oakland and Alameda, California, and the surrounding areas can trust their needs to East Bay Women’s Health.

Hysterectomy Q & A

What is a hysterectomy?

A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a woman’s uterus. Hysterectomies can be performed to treat a number of chronic pain conditions, as well as certain types of cancer and infections. During most hysterectomy procedures, the entire uterus is removed, but the extent of a hysterectomy can vary depending on the reason for the surgery. The fallopian tubes and the ovaries may also be removed during the procedure. Once a hysterectomy has been performed, the patient will stop having menstrual periods and be unable to get pregnant.

Why Is a hysterectomy performed?

A hysterectomy might be necessary for a number of different reasons. The doctor may suggest a hysterectomy if the patient has any of the following:

  • chronic pelvic pain
  • uncontrollable vaginal bleeding
  • cancer of the uterus, cervix, or ovaries
  • fibroids, which are benign tumors that grow in the uterus
  • pelvic inflammatory disease, which is a serious infection of the reproductive organs
  • uterine prolapse, which occurs when the uterus drops through the cervix and protrudes from the vagina
  • endometriosis, which is a disorder in which the inner lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterine cavity, causing pain and bleeding
  • adenomyosis, which is a condition in which the inner lining of the uterus grows into the muscles of the uterus

How Is a hysterectomy performed?

There are different types of hysterectomies, such as a partial where the doctor removes only a portion of the uterus, or a total hysterectomy when the doctor removes the entire uterus, including the cervix. A hysterectomy is performed with general or local anesthetic then, depending on the type of hysterectomy needed, the procedure will be performed. The types of hysterectomies include:

  • Abdominal Hysterectomy - The doctor removes the uterus through a large cut in the abdomen.
  • Vaginal Hysterectomy - The uterus is removed through a small incision made inside the vagina.
  • Laparoscopic Hysterectomy - During a laparoscopic hysterectomy, the doctor uses a tiny instrument called a laparoscope. The instrument is inserted through incisions in the abdomen where the uterus is cut into small pieces.
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