PMS is brought on by hormonal changes in the body. These types of symptoms can range from mild pain and discomfort to debilitating pain that interrupts day-to-day activities. The main hormones, estrogen, and progesterone, usually fluctuate during the 28-day menstrual cycle. If the estrogen and progesterone hormones get out of balance, a number of different symptoms can be experienced including:
Lifestyle factors can have a negative effect on hormone levels. Sources, such as the foods you eat, the nutrient levels absorbed, and the stress factors endured throughout the day, can lead to PMS symptoms that are more frequent and more severe. For instance, if a person has low blood sugar levels it can cause their emotions to fluctuate. Nutrient levels can also have an impact on PMS. Without getting enough calcium, magnesium, vitamin K, B vitamins, or vitamin E, the body will intensify the PMS symptoms. If there is a reduction in the amount of sugar and carbohydrates in the diet, it can balance blood sugar levels. Having a healthier diet will also provide the essential nutrients that the body needs.
When lifestyle changes aren’t enough, the doctor may be able to prescribe medications that can ease the symptoms of PMS. Some medications that are commonly prescribed for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) include: